Strengthen measures against manipulation of sports competitions

Competition manipulation remains a global concern, with threats to the rule of law presented by organised criminal syndicates (SDG 16.4). The trans-border nature of this phenomenon requires close international cooperation. Its scope reaches a range of participants, including athletes and their support personnel, referees and other officials (SDG 16.5). It is necessary to protect these stakeholders through specific legislative and law enforcement measures, and by building partnerships between public authorities, sports organisations and betting operators.