Shaping Physical Education

Ministry of Education and Science, Kazakhstan Joins ICSSPE
04/08/2021 19:24
ICSSPE spoke to Tastanbek Yesentayev from the National Scientific and Practical Center of Physical Culture of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan about its role in developing physical culture and sports. 
 
ICSSPE: Could you please introduce yourself and your organisation?
 
Yesentayev: I am the General Director of the National Scientific and Practical Center of Physical Culture of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan. I took up this position on July 08, 2020. 
 
I was the head of the Olympic team of the Republic of Kazakhstan at the Olympic Games in Beijing (2008) and London (2012). In London, the Olympic team of the Republic of Kazakhstan from 204 countries took the honourable 12th place. 
 
Before that, I worked for many years in the field of sports: as a physical education teacher at school, as a coach, as the head of a sports school, and headed sports work at the level of the region and the republic. I have trained several world champions of international kickboxing competitions. I was awarded the titles of Honored Coach of the Republic of Kazakhstan and Honorary Worker of Physical Education.
 
Our Center was established in 2000 as a structural division of the Ministry of Education and Science, responsible for the state and development of physical culture and sports in educational institutions of the country. According to the Charter, our Center operates in 4 areas:
  1. Participation in the scientific and educational providing of the subject «Physical Culture», the development of targeted comprehensive programmes for physical education of children, teenagers and youth
  2. Participation in the preparation of the sports reserve and recruitment of youth and student national teams of the republic in sports
  3. Provision of pedagogical, psychological and medical-biological assistance to members of the national team of the republic in sports, and
  4. Retraining and advanced training of teachers in physical culture
ICSSPE: Can you tell us briefly about the ongoing projects of the organisation?
 
Yesentayev: At the moment, the Center implements the following projects and programmes:
 
  • Professional development of physical education teachers on actual problems of the educational programme;
  • Conducting sports competitions among school children (Gymnasiade) and students (Universiade)
  • Scientific and technical programme Development of a comprehensive technology for improving the health of schoolchildren-members of the national team of Kazakhstan in sports for 2021-2022
  • Scientific and technical programme Development of the republican system for monitoring the physical development and physical fitness of children, teenagers and young people for 2021-2022
  • Preparation and release of teaching aids on the subject Physical culture and sports for schools and universities
  • Development and preparation of methodological recommendations for conducting physical education in special medical groups in general education schools
  • Introduction of amendments and additions to the legal acts regulating physical culture and the development of mass sports in the country
  • Preparation of the international conference in November 2021, and
  • Publication of the journal Bulletin of Physical Culture
ICSSPE: What affects did the corona virus pandemic have in your country?
 
Yesentayev: Because of the pandemic, all schools in the country have switched to the format of remote  education-online learning. Only primary school children (grades 1-4) and final grade students (grades 9 and 11/12) study offline. During periods of strengthening quarantine, college and university students also switch to online education.
 
Physical education in educational institutions is also conducted online, which negatively affected the quality of physical education lessons. Due to the transition to distance learning, the quality of lessons in all school disciplines has decreased, but this transition has affected physical culture most of all, as it is associated with a sharp decrease in physical activity of students.
 
In addition, due to the pandemic, we were unable to hold many of the mass sports and fitness events planned for the current academic year. 
 
ICSSPE: What solutions and adaptations did you find?
 
Yesentayev: The Center helps physical education teachers by consulting and issuing teaching aids for conducting lessons in an online format. In addition, the programme of advanced training courses for physical education teachers has been changed regarding the methods and forms of conducting classes online.
 
In order to increase the physical activity of children, the Center has intensified its activities in the direction of developing extracurricular physical education and mass sports. Children's and youth physical training clubs are opening, youth clubs are opening in various sports, including national ones. 
 
The Center also conducts planned mass sports and physical culture and recreation events (Gymnasiade Games, University Games) in compliance with all the requirements of the quarantine regime for the preparation of sports reserves and the recruitment of youth and student national teams of the Republic. Part of the competition is held remotely using the STRAVA, Uvintex, Igammecenter and Lichess Chess platforms. 
 
ICSSPE: Will you be keeping some of the changes once the pandemic is over?
 
Yesentayev: Yes, we will keep some of the changes. First of all, this concerns the development of mass children's sports and various forms of extracurricular education. 
 
ICSSPE: Could you tell us a bit about the aims and vision of the National Scientific and Practical Center of Physical Culture of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan?
 
Yesentayev: The purpose of our Center is to provide scientific and methodological support for physical education classes in educational institutions of the country and the development of mass children's sports. Our vision for the near future is to transform the Center into a research institute dedicated to improving the health of the nation through physical activity, sports and the formation of a healthy lifestyle.
 
The Center implements the following activities:
  • Providing training and professional development of physical education teachers
  • Updating the material and technical base and equipment
  • Revision of physical education programmes with consideration for inclusion and provision of methodological support
  • Development of partnerships between different communities, including international ones
  • Conducting annual monitoring of the quality of physical education
ICSSPE: How would you describe your organisation’s values? 
 
Yesentayev: We adhere to the following values:
  • Openness of the Center's activities
  • Relying on the results of scientific research
  • Improving the professionalism of the Center's employees
  • Partnership and cooperation with all stakeholders
  • Involvement of society in the problems of physical culture and sports in the country
ICSSPE: What are the plans and goals?
 
Yesentayev: Our upcoming plans and goals are:
  • Development of an inter-branch program for the development of school and university sports for 2021-2025
  • Modernisation of the physical education curriculum on 
  • Publication of educational and methodological literature on Physical Education
  • Development and production of teaching aids on Physical Education, taking into account innovative approaches in teaching, as well as the development of educational and methodological programmes on adaptive physical education for grades 1-11 and special medical groups for grades 5-11
  • Development and approval of programmes for children's and youth sports schools, children's and youth clubs for physical fitness in sports
  • Organise and hold scientific seminars, conferences, round tables in cooperation with Kazakh and foreign partners on topical issues of education and science in the field of physical culture and sports
  • In cooperation with the Ministry of Culture and Sports of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the development a programme for the expansion of the sports industry for 2021-2025, to promote the growth of the  sports infrastructure, as well as support for domestic manufacturers of sports products for mass sports
  • Monitoring the physical development and physical fitness of children, adolescents and youth of the Republic of Kazakhstan, taking into account the conclusions of scientific studies of the World Health Organization
  • Creation of an automatic multifunctional platform for collecting, storing and analyzing the results of large-scale scientific research
  • Organisation of continuous research and analytical work with all interested parties to ensure the quality of physical education based on the results of monitoring
  • Creation of a comprehensive scientific group in accordance with international practice with the involvement of specialists in sports medicine, psychology and biochemistry to provide scientific and practical assistance to members of youth and national teams of the Republic of Kazakhstan in sports
ICSSPE: As a new ICSSPE member, what do you envision for future cooperation with ICSSPE?
 
Yesentayev: First of all, we expect to exchange experience and research results of the participants of the International Council of Sport Science and Physical Education, as well as to bring Kazakhstan's science in the field of physical culture and sports to the world level. 
 
ICSSPE: What are you most excited about regarding the ICSSPE membership?
 
Yesentayev: Most of all, we are concerned about how quickly and meaningfully we will enter the international community of ICSSPE countries, as well as the fact that we still have little idea of the capabilities of ICSSPE. 
 
ICSSPE: What can the ICSSPE membership jointly do to help in this context?
 
Yesentayev: We hope that a membership will raise the level of our scientific research; help to organise training and internships for the Center's employees in similar organisations in ICSSPE’s membership. In addition, we hope to participate in joint scientific research.